Preventing House Levelling Nightmares: Maintenance Tips for Homeowners

Imagine a scenario where your dream home, the one you’ve painstakingly saved up for and decorated with love, starts showing alarming signs of distress. The doors no longer close as seamlessly as they once did, the windows stick, and those once-innocuous wall cracks now seem like warning signs. This is the reality many homeowners face when they neglect the crucial foundation of their homes. 

House levelling, or ensuring that a home’s foundation remains sound, is paramount to the safety, aesthetics, and value of a home. As homeowners, understanding the intricacies of our home’s foundation isn’t just beneficial—it’s essential. 

This article dives deep into house levelling, helping you spot early warning signs, understand factors that can jeopardize your foundation, and, most importantly, equip you with preventative measures to avert house levelling nightmares. 

House Levelling

Whether you’re a seasoned homeowner or just starting your journey, these maintenance tips from experts at will serve as a beacon to ensure your home remains safe and secure for years.

Understanding the Foundation

Every home, regardless of its size or design, rests upon a foundation—a vital structure that carries the weight and load of the entire building. This foundation, while sturdy and robust, can be surprisingly sensitive to the elements and conditions of its surroundings. 

Before diving into the nuances of foundation maintenance, let’s familiarize ourselves with the primary types of house foundations.

  • Slab Foundation: This is a single layer of concrete, several inches thick, poured directly on the ground. Often embedded within this concrete slab are steel reinforcement bars (rebars) that lend added strength. Slab foundations are common where the ground doesn’t freeze and are typically less expensive to install than other types.
  • Pier & Beam Foundation: Also known as a post and beam, this foundation is raised off the ground with wooden beams and joists. The gap created can be used for crawl spaces, allowing easy access to plumbing and electrical systems underneath the house. Pier & Beam foundations offer improved ventilation and are prevalent in areas prone to flooding.
  • Basement Foundation: A home with a basement foundation means a full, accessible space beneath the main living area. Basements can be used as additional living or storage spaces. They’re constructed with cinder blocks or poured concrete walls to support the home and are common in regions with colder climates where the foundation needs to be below the frost line.

While these foundations are designed for longevity, their stability can be compromised. Over time, a myriad of factors, both environmental and man-made, can cause these foundations to shift or settle. For instance, natural soil erosion, extreme weather conditions, or even the weight of the house itself can apply pressure, causing a foundation to move.

Signs That Your House May Need Leveling

Before a problem becomes a disaster, your home will typically show subtle signs of distress. Ignoring them can lead to greater complications down the line. Here are common symptoms indicating that your home might be experiencing foundation issues:

  • Cracks in Walls or Ceilings: While minor hairline cracks can be due to the house settling naturally, larger, more pronounced cracks can be a significant cause for concern, indicating a shifting foundation.
  • Uneven or Sloping Floors: If your floors are not as level as they used to be, or if a marble rolls easily in a particular direction, it could be a sign of foundation problems.
  • Windows and Doors Sticking or Not Closing Properly: Shifting foundations can alter the frame alignment of windows and doors, making them challenging to open or close.
  • Gaps between the Wall and Floor or Ceiling: Such gaps can appear when a foundation starts to sink or settle, pulling away parts of the house.
  • Visible Foundation Cracks on the Outside of the Home: Any noticeable cracks or shifts in the external foundation should be inspected immediately.

Factors That Can Affect Your Home’s Foundation

While it’s crucial to be aware of the signs of a shifting foundation, understanding the root causes can help implement preventive measures. Some primary factors affecting your home’s foundation include:

  • Soil Type and Moisture Levels: The type of soil your home is built on can significantly impact its foundation. Expansive clay soils, for instance, expand when wet and contract when dry, leading to movement. Consistently moist or waterlogged grounds can weaken the foundation over time.
  • Tree Roots and Vegetation: Large trees planted close to your home can have roots that push against the foundation, causing it to crack or shift. Similarly, certain vegetation can draw moisture away from the soil, causing it to contract and affect the foundation.
  • Plumbing Leaks or Water Accumulation Near the Foundation: Any significant amount of water that accumulates near the foundation—from plumbing leaks, poor drainage, or other sources—can seep into the ground, softening it and causing the foundation to settle or shift.
  • Improper Drainage or Grading: Homes should be constructed so water flows away from the foundation. If not, water can pool around the foundation, leading to weakening over time.

Preventative Maintenance Tips

Being aware of potential foundation problems is the first step. But proactive measures can help you deter these issues before they start. Here’s how:

Proper Drainage

  • Ensure gutters and downspouts are clean: Regularly clearing out leaves and debris ensures that water is efficiently directed away from your foundation. Overflows can lead to water accumulation around the foundation, which is undesirable.
  • Install a sump pump if needed: For homes particularly susceptible to basement flooding, a sump pump can prove invaluable, expelling water inside the home and ensuring the foundation remains dry.
House Levelling


  • Plant trees safely from the home: While trees add beauty and value, their root systems can be intrusive. Keeping them safe ensures they don’t push against or undermine your foundation.
  • Consider using root barriers: For trees closer to your home, root barriers can divert roots deeper into the ground, preventing them from coming into contact with your foundation.

Regular Foundation Inspections

  • Hire professionals: Even if you don’t suspect any issues, having a professional inspect your foundation every few years can pinpoint potential problems early on.
  • Stay proactive with minor repairs: Addressing small issues before they become significant can save money and stress in the long run.

Moisture Regulation

  • Install a moisture barrier or French drain system: Both systems can help regulate moisture around your foundation, ensuring the ground remains consistently dry and less prone to shift.
  • Regularly check for plumbing leaks: A small leak over time can result in a lot of accumulated water. Regularly inspecting your plumbing systems can prevent unwanted water build-up near the foundation.

Addressing Minor Cracks

  • Seal promptly: Small cracks can grow into larger ones if addressed. Using appropriate sealants as soon as they’re spotted can prevent further deterioration.

The Dangers of Neglecting Foundation Issues

Skipping maintenance or neglecting signs can lead to dire consequences:

  • Structural integrity risks: The safety of your home can be jeopardized. Foundations that shift significantly can lead to catastrophic structural failures.
  • Decrease in property value: Homes with foundation problems can be harder to sell and often fetch lower market prices.
  • Health risks from mould or mildew: Moisture intrusion can lead to mould growth, posing health risks for residents.
  • Increased repair costs over time: Addressing issues early is often cheaper than waiting for them to worsen.

Benefits of Proactive Home Maintenance

Being proactive doesn’t just prevent problems; it brings benefits:

  • Ensures safety and longevity of the home: Regular checks and timely interventions can keep your home standing strong for decades.
  • Preserves or even increases property value: A well-maintained home is attractive to potential buyers and can command a better price.
  • Peace of mind for homeowners: Knowing that you’ve taken steps to protect your home can provide a sense of security.

Your home is more than just bricks and mortar—it’s a cherished space of comfort, memories, and security. The foundation, while often out of sight, should never be out of mind. By understanding its intricacies and being proactive in its maintenance, homeowners can ensure their beloved abode remains safe, valuable, and long-lasting. Let’s treat our homes with the care they deserve and safeguard our investments for the future.